Is CBG Legal in the United States?

CBG is legal for you to purchase in all 50 states.

Consuming CBG oil tincture

CBG’s popularity has soared over the past year or two. It’s often touted as the next CBD, boasting a whole range of unique effects and benefits. Is CBG legal to buy in the US? Does it get you high? What are its benefits, and is it safe?

Is CBG legal?

  • CBG derived from hemp is legal under federal law.
  • CBG is also internationally legal since it isn’t listed under the UN Convention on Narcotic Drugs.
  • The FDA hasn’t approved CBG as a legal drug and doesn’t allow companies to market it as a food additive or dietary supplement.
  • Hemp-derived CBG is legal in all 50 US states plus Washington DC. 
  • Marijuana-derived CBG is legal in 18 US states and Washington DC (legalized recreational marijuana).

Is CBG legal to buy online?

Yes. Like CBD, CBG is legal to purchase, use and produce under federal law as outlined in the Agriculture Improvement Act (2018 Farm Bill). 

All hemp-derived cannabinoids are legal under the 2018 Farm Bill, provided they’re sourced from hemp plants carrying no more than 0.3% THC. If the THC percentage is above 0.3%, hemp plants are categorized as marijuana, which is a controlled substance under Schedule I of the CSA. Marijuana derivatives are also controlled substances, as are synthetic cannabinoids.

In other words, CBG is only legal if sourced from federally legal hemp plants containing up to 0.3% THC. If it’s sourced from marijuana carrying above 0.3% THC, it’s federally illegal.

Is CBG legal internationally? 

Yes. CBG is likely legal under international law. CBG is not scheduled as an illegal controlled substance under the UN Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961, nor is it included in its Convention on Psychotropic Substances of 1971

Similar to US law, CBG is legal if sourced from Farm Bill compliant hemp plants carrying to the legal limit of up to 0.3% THC. 

Legal CBG oil bottle
CBG products with less than <0.3% THC are legal to purchase anywhere in the United States. Photo: Elsa Olofsson/Oracle

What does the FDA say about CBG?

The FDA is very strict about hemp and hemp derivatives, including CBG. It has not been approved as a legal drug. 

CBG cannot be sold or marketed as a dietary supplement as stated in section 201(ff)(3)(B) of the FDA’s Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C). CBG is also prohibited from being added to foods, drinks, or animal feed under section 301(ll) of the FD&C Act. 

CBD companies are not allowed to market or advertise CBG products as having the ability to cure, treat, and prevent any disease or any other health problem. 

Upcoming federal legislation challenging the FDA on CBG

In May 2021, S.1698 (Hemp Access and Consumer Safety Act) was introduced into the Senate by Senator Ron Wyden (D-OR). 

The bill, which received bipartisan support, seeks to challenge the FDA and the guidelines set out in the FD&C, allowing CBG and other hemp derivatives to be marketed and sold as foods, beverages, animal feed, and dietary supplements.

Is there any upcoming federal legislation that could change CBG’s legal status in the US?

No. There is currently no upcoming legislation that could change CBG’s legal status in the US. CBG derived from hemp plants is fully protected under the 2018 Farm Bill. You cannot be prosecuted for the purchase, use, possession, sale, or distribution of CBG products anywhere in the US, nor will you be in the future. 

Are there any US states that ban CBG derived from hemp?

No. There aren’t any US states prohibiting CBG products derived from hemp plants carrying the legal 0.3% THC limit. All 50 states and Washington DC allow CBG and other hemp-derived compounds in some form or another under state and federal law.

Is CBG derived from marijuana legal in any US state?

Yes. CBG derived from marijuana is widely available in 18 US states and Washington DC with legalized recreational cannabis use. You can find many CBG products carrying more than the legal 0.3% THC limit, including oils, tinctures, and gummies. 

US states allowing marijuana-derived CBG include California, Colorado, Oregon, and Nevada. 

Related: What is CBG, and How is it Different from CBD?

CBG vs. CBD

  • CBG and CBD derived from hemp are legal across the US
  • CBG is a minor cannabinoid, whereas CBD is a major cannabinoid
  • Hemp carries roughly <1% CBG and up to 15-20% CBD 
  • Both CBD and CBG are non-intoxicating and do not induce a euphoric high, though they are psychoactive insofar as affecting brain chemicals via receptor activation or desensitization 
  • CBG is a partial agonist of cannabinoid 1 (CB1) and cannabinoid 2 (CB2) receptors, while CBD is only a partial agonist of CB2 receptors and a negative allosteric modulator of CB1 receptors

How does CBG make you feel?

When consumed, CBG does not cause any intoxication, nor does it induce a euphoric high. Its effects are far gentler and way more subtle, especially when compared to THC, delta-8 THC, and delta-10 THC. 

Some users report CBG induces a calming effect without any noticeable sedation, whereas others claim it provides mental clarity and heightened focus without intoxication. As a general rule, CBG’s effects are somewhat similar to CBD insofar as promoting balance within your body, especially when taken with other cannabinoids such as THC and CBC. 

Is CBG safe?

Yes. CBG is safe and fit for human consumption. No research suggests CBG causes any hazardous or harmful effects within your body. 

However, we recommend some caution, especially if you’re taking certain medicines such as antidepressants, antipsychotics, blood thinners, and benzodiazepines. Why? Because CBG is very similar to CBD, and since CBD can negatively interact with certain medications, stopping them from being fully metabolized and causing unwanted side effects, CBG could do the same. 

CBG’s legality is paving the way for new and improved products

Before the introduction of the 2018 Farm Bill and hemp legalization across the US, CBG products were nowhere to be found. You couldn’t purchase any CBG oils, tinctures, vapes, or gummies. Now? Hemp producers are innovating the CBG space within the cannabis community, creating awesome products for you to try. Hell, even specially bred varieties of high-CBG hemp flower are on offer. 

As time rolls on and the cannabis industry continues to grow, we expect to see some awesome, forward-thinking CBG products on offer. And the best part? They’ll all be legal and ready for you to consume.